BWCs and Procedural Justice

Assessing The Effects of Body-Worn Cameras On Procedural Justice in the Los Angeles Police Department


Criminology (2019) 


John McCluskey, Craig Uchida, Shellie Solomon, Alese Wooditch, Christine Connor, and Lauren Revier 

Abstract:  This article explores variations in procedural justice delivered in face-to-face encounters with citizens before and after the implementation of body-worn cameras (BWCs). We draw on recent advances in the measurement of procedural justice using systematic social observation of police in field settings in the Los Angeles Police Department. Data collected on 555 police–citizen encounters are examined  in  bivariate  and  multivariate  models  exploring the primary hypothesis that BWCs affect procedural justice delivered by police directly and indirectly. Our results indicate that significant increases in procedural justice during police–citizen encounters were directly attributable to the effect of BWCs on police behavior as well as to the indirect.

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